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KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1973 - 1975 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1976 - 1977 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1978 - 1987 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1988 -1994 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1995 - 1996 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1997 - 1999 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2000 - 2001 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2002 - 2004 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2005 -   KING TUBBYS STUDIO DISCOGRAPHY
KING TUBBY   IMAGE GALLERY
King Tubby mixed 7"-12" Singles King Tubby mixed Albums LP Search King Tubbys Studio 7"-12" Singles King Tubbys Studio Albums Images In Print Sitemap

 

 

 © David Judah RIP        King Tubby's Studio, 18 Dromilly Ave, Waterhouse JA.

 
 
"Jamaican sound engineer and musical aesthete
OSBOURNE RUDDOCK aka KING TUBBY
is widely credited with being the original dub creator.
King Tubby Dub From The Roots LP picture

The results of his experiments in the early and mid-1970s pervade all areas of contemporary dance music. KING TUBBY's instrument was the mixing desk, and like jazz musicians before him, his passion was finding ways to make it do things that hadn't been done before.

       
King Tubby - Dennis Morris image from Mojo magazine King Tubby - Copyright of Dennis Morris King Tubby - Dennis Morris image from Record Collector magazine
  Tubby's techniques were portrayed in all their glorious splendour, the reggae music totally transformed and interpreted in Tubbs unique fashion.  
 
King Tubby's record sleeve King Tubby - Copyright of Dennis Morris King Tubby's record sleeve
More from Dennis Morris   ©
He would curl, swirl, whirl, twirl, explode, corrode, erode, ignite, excite - upset and agrovate - slipping vibrant echo to shatter the instruments, and jamming reverberation to re-duplicate the melodies" 

...Snoopy, Story Of Dub, Black Echoes, 16th July 1977


King Tubby in the workshop 1976 - from Mojo magazine April 1999 King Tubby - Copyright of Dennis Morris


"I tell you the truth. King Tubby never smoke,
I never saw him drink. He was always a smiling man. It was like the music give him a natural high."


...Glen Darby singer/Producer  © Geoff Parker, 1998
 Info on the Natty Dread magazine 2003
 
King Tubby - copyright of Tero Kaski
King Tubby - Copyright of Dennis Morris
King Tubby 1977 - Copyright Dave Hendley King Tubby 1977 - Copyright of Dave Hendley
 © Tero Kaski ©  Dennis Morris © Dave Hendley                > 
King Tubby - Roots Of Dub LP picture Tubby dubplate  Tubby dubplate King Tubby's console pic from Fay Music LP
Used with permission of  Boom Shacka-Lacka
King Tubby King Tubbys Studio, 18 Drumilie Ave, Kingston King Tubbys mixing desk ca. 1974 (from the Island Revolution exhibition) King Tubby
 
King Tubbys dubplate sleeve King Tubby 1977 - Copyright Dave Hendley King Tubbys dubplate sleeve



Born, Osbourne Ruddock, 28 January 1941, Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies.
Died, 6 February 1989, Jamaica, West Indies.


King Tubby grew up around High Holborn Street in Central Kingston before moving to the capital's Waterhouse district in 1955. He started repairing radios and by the late 50s had begun to experiment with sound system amplifiers. By 1964 he was operating his own Tubby's Home Town Hi-Fi, where he later incorporated a custom reverb and echo facility into his system. At the same time he was working as disc-cutter for Duke Reid and it was here that he discovered that he could make special versions of well-known rocksteady tunes. By cutting out most of the vocal track, fading it in at suitable points, reducing the mix down to the bass only, and dropping other instrumental tracks in or out, Tubby invented dub. Initially the technique was used for "specials" or dub plates - custom acetates made exclusively for sound system use. The spaces left in the mix allowed sound system DJs to stretch out lyrically, predating the emergence of US rappers by some years. Record producers soon began to see the potential of these versions. Joe Gibbs' engineer, Errol Thompson, working at Randy's Studio 17, had started employing rhythm versions as b-sides by 1971. To keep ahead of the competition, Tubby acquired an old four-track mixing console from Dynamic Studios. He then introduced further refinements - delay echo, slide faders, and phasing. By late 1971 he was working with producers such as Bunny Lee, Lee Perry, Glen Brown, Augustus Pablo and "Prince" Tony Robinson. The latter issued records that credited Tubby as mixer, including "Tubby's In Full Swing", the b-side to a
DJ track by Winston Scotland.

Throughout the 70s Tubby mixed dubs for all the aforementioned producers, in addition to Roy Cousins, Yabby You, Winston Riley, Carlton Patterson and Bertram Brown's Freedom Sounds. His most important work, in terms of sheer quantity, was with Bunny Lee. Lee used Tubby for dub and voicing on rhythms he had built elsewhere with the Aggrovators session band. All the singers who worked with Lee at this time - Johnny Clarke, Cornell Campbell, Linval Thompson, Jackie Edwards, Derrick Morgan, Delroy Wilson, Horace Andy, John Holt and Owen Grey - made records with Aggrovators rhythms, voiced and mixed at King Tubby's. Lee began to issue dub albums featuring Tubby's mixes, and other producers soon followed that lead. Tubby's name as mixer soon appeared on well over 100 albums. A generation of engineers trained under Tubby's supervision, including King Jammy and "Prince" Phillip Smart, both subsequently finding success on their own terms.




King Tubby - from `Ruffn`Tuff Founders Of The Immortal Riddim` Japanese documentary


Throughout this period Tubby planned to build his own studio, and by 1988 he had begun to issue computer-generated digital music, featuring many of the new-wave ragga singers and DJs, including Pad Anthony, Courtney Melody, Anthony Red Rose, Pliers and Ninjaman, as well as established talents such as Cornell Campbell. Just when it seemed Tubby was poised to challenge top producers such as Jammy and Gussie Clarke, tragedy struck.


On 6 February 1989, a lone gunman murdered King Tubby outside his home,
the motive apparently robbery.


Jamaica Star News Report



The loss shocked Jamaican music fans and artists. Many innovations, not only in Jamaican music but in other "dance" forms as well - the "dub mix", the practice of DJing extended lyrics over rhythm tracks, the prominence of bass and drums in the mix - were developed by King Tubby, both on his sound system and in the studio during the period 1969-74.

His place as a seminal figure in the music's development through three decades
is assured."

Encyclopedia of Popular Music  ©  Muze UK Ltd. 1989 – 2002







Bunny Lee & Jammy at King Tubbys mixing desk






Prince Jammy at King Tubbys mixing desk
Prince Jammy at King Tubbys mixing desk






King Tubbys mixing desk
Prince Jammy 1982

 

 


Dub: Songscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae


More info on Dub: Songscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae book

Glass Siren Art Website
King Tubby At The Controls acrylic/spraypaint/screenprint - 2006

King Tubby's Reprise print - 2012
King Tubby At The Controls acrylic/spraypaint/screenprint from 2006 - Copyright Damon Roberts King Tubby's Reprise print from 2012 - Copyright Damon Roberts
  © Glass Siren Art - Damon Roberts   © Glass Siren Art - Damon Roberts available here
Website of Freestylee - Michael Thompson
King Tubby Dub 12 Inch print - 2010

King Tubby's Hi-Fi print - 2011
King Tubby Dub 12 Inch Poster Copyright of Freestylee - Michael Thompson King Tubby's Hi-Fi Poster Copyright of Freestylee - Michael Thompson
  © freestylee - Michael Thompson Poster available here   © freestylee - Michael Thompson Poster available here
 
King Tubby poster - 2016

King Tubby Dub 12 Inch Poster Copyright of Freestylee - Michael Thompson
King Tubby Poster GUN METAL on High Quality A4 Card  ©  Lick It Back    Ltd # 20    available here
 
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1973-75 1976-77 1978-87 1988-94 1995-96 1997-99 2000-01 2002-04 2005 -     Studio
KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1973 - 1975 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1976 - 1977 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1978 - 1987 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1988 -1994 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1995 - 1996 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   1997 - 1999 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2000 - 2001 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2002 - 2004 KING TUBBY DUB DISCOGRAPHY   2005 -   KING TUBBYS STUDIO DISCOGRAPHY
KING TUBBY   IMAGE GALLERY 
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